B&O No. 10 Baggage Car
Name: B&O No.10
Railroad of Record:
Type of Car: Baggage
Manufactured by: B&O RR Mt. Clare Shops
Date Built: c. 1875
Date Rebuilt: 1927
As passenger services on railroads increased, so too did the amount of baggage. The B&O was one of the first railroads to provide separate cars to carry baggage. The first baggage car built by the B&O was in 1834 at the Mt. Clare shops. The baggage car was similar to a boxcar, but outfitted to carry randomly-sized passenger baggage.
The baggage car featured large sliding doors that made loading and unloading easy for the baggage handlers and usually an office area inside the car for the baggage master.
The wooden B&O No. 10 was built around 1875 at the Mt. Clare shops.
It featured a clearstory roof for better ventilation and a stove to produce heat. Baggage cars like the No. 10 usually did not feature end platforms so as to discourage thieves and robbers from jumping onto the car. It is believed that the No. 10 worked into the 1920s in maintenance service. In 1927, the No. 10 was restored and featured in the Fair of the Iron Horse.
The No. 10 baggage car was severely damaged in the 2003 Roundhouse roof collapse at the B&O Railroad Museum and is awaiting restoration.
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