Name: B&O "Pioneer"
Railroad of Record: Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Type of Car: Horse Car - sides with windows (3 per side) Built by: Richard Imlay Date Original Built: 1830 Date Replica Built: 1892
When the B&O began operation in 1830, its trains were pulled by horses. Constructed by Richard Imlay, the "Pioneer" was the first passenger car on the Baltimore & Ohio and was one of the first passenger cars produced in the United States. The "Pioneer" carried the B&O board of directors on the railroad's first run to Ellicott Mills on May 22, 1830. In 1836, the B&O stopped using horses to pull trains, but kept horses in its stables at Mt. Clare until the 1880s to pull cars through the city. The original "Pioneer" was scrapped at an unknown date. A replica was constructed by the railroad in 1892 for the World's Columbian Exposition. It was also displayed at the 1927 Fair of the Iron Horse.
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