Location: North Car Shop
The North Car Shop was built to house the Baltimore and Ohio Passenger Car Works during the years 1869-1871, and was previously used for the construction, repair, and painting of B&O railway passenger cars. The building itself is perhaps the oldest surviving railroad manufacturing building in the world. The North Car Shop is now home to a collection of rolling stock and locomotives that represent the dieselization of the American railways following the height of steam-powered engines, and their subsequent decline in popularity succeeding the introduction of the automobile and air travel. From among the last of the great steamers, like the B&O No. 5300 President Washington, the modernist stream-lined C&O No. 490 Hudson, and the first government-built locomotive, the B&O No. 4500 Mikado, the North Car Shop Collection shows the innovations made in railway equipment to compete with Eisenhower’s Interstate Highway System and the introduction of commercial airlines. The collection also includes the CNJ No. 1000, the first commercially successful diesel-electric locomotive which ran on the Central Railroad of New Jersey, and the B&O No. 51, the first streamlined diesel-electric engine that was designed to promote the B&O as a modern form of passenger transportation. Visitors can also enter the cab of the gigantic Allegheny engine and take a first-hand look at the complex controls of operating a locomotive.
The historic B&O Roundhouse, built in 1884, features the most comprehensive collection of early American locomotives and rolling stock in the world. Known as the Cathedral of Railroading, this grand hall showcases some of the greatest locomotives of the first 100 years of railroading.
This section of the Roundhouse explores the very first locomotives, passenger cars, and freight cars used by America’s first railroad, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. These pieces were used in the Fair of the Iron Horse celebration commemorating the 100th anniversary of the B&O in 1927.
As a relatively new technology, the Civil War was the first war in the world to use trains. This exhibition in the Roundhouse displays how the B&O joined the Union war effort, featuring one of the only remaining locomotives to have seen combat in the Civil War, the Memnon.
The North Car Shop is the oldest surviving railroad manufacturing building in the world. Inside, explore a survey of 20th century locomotives and rail cars, from the last examples of steam to some the earliest historic diesels.
The Baltimore-based artists selected for this exhibit were asked to reflect on the concept of connectivity as it relates to the railroad, our community, and our own identities.
This hall features a variety of exquisite model trains from the Smithsonian’s collection covering almost 200 years of railroading history.
This car is preserved its Jim Crow era segregated design. Built for the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, it served predominately in Southern states. Visitors can enter the car to view the different sections and learn about the perseverance of African American activists who worked to end segregated rail travel.
By the 1930s, mail was a primary cargo for the railroad industry. Visitors can explore the inside of a mail car and view a mail sorting area that acted like a mobile post office.
The B&O Railroad Museum’s site is the birthplace of American Railroad. This exhibition shares the story of the founding of the B&O Railroad in 1827.
During World War II, the railroads were responsible for moving soldiers and materials for the war effort, while at the same time continuing their passenger services. Explore how the government used railroads in the war effort by exploring the inside of this troop sleeper car.
The dynamometer car was an important part of measuring a locomotive’s performance in several categories, such as speed and tractive effort during a specific type of weather. Explore this fascinating meter on wheels and the accompanying crew quarters.
Don’t miss our train car sized HO scale model train layout. This moving exhibit depicts the early mission of the B&O Railroad – to reach out from Baltimore toward the Ohio River through the Appalachian Mountains.
The interior of this historic dining car boasts an impressive display of B&O Railroad dining china and silver, used to serve food on its premier routes. Learn how B&O staff and Pullman Porters provided a truly “fine dining” experience in their dining cars.
Enter our modern refrigerated car, once used to haul frozen McDonalds fries around the country, and explore the critical role railroads play in shipping American freight.
Railroads played a critical role in the standardization of time in this country, as well as the development and need for precise time keeping instruments. This gallery features clocks and pocket watches from the museum’s collection and explores the history of time and the railroads.