Location: Roundhouse, Bays 5-9 

The Civil War was the first conflict in the world fought with trains. As the railroad along the Northern front, the B&O Railroad played a decisive role during the Civil War, and with it a myriad of developments in domestic passenger travel, freight shipping, and even warfare itself. See examples of period passenger cars like the B&O No. 21. , The B&O No. 57 Memnon, which is designated as a national historic landmark, is one of the last remaining locomotives that saw combat during the Civil War. Learn more about how the B&O Railroad became of increasingly large importance to the Union during the war, and how they would fall victim to attacks and a devastating seizure of hundreds of pieces of railway equipment and track by the confederacy. Additionally, the exhibition provides an introduction to the “Contraband” workers, the brave men who escaped slavery and joined the Union Army, who used their extensive knowledge of railway construction gained during their time in bondage to fight back against the confederacy by destorying their railways and mending those in the North. Many of these men accepted this new found employment opportunity happily because it ensured their protection by the Union Army, and provided them with the opportunity to work without fear of punishment. The Civil War exhibition concludes with the B&O No. 25 William Mason, built in 1856, which secretly carried President Abraham Lincoln to his inauguration in D.C. from Baltimore, MD on February 23, 1863.  

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Vicki A.
Brunswick, MD

This was an amazing museum to visit! A must see in Baltimore. Starting with the ease of parking...Right onsite and FREE!

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