Representing the most comprehensive collection of historic early American locomotives and rolling stock through modern times in the world.

The first, best, last, or only of their kind. 

The Museum’s locomotive and rolling stock collection contains many unique examples of historically significant pieces from the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, as well as other regional railroads and includes the finest collection of 19th Century American steam locomotives found anywhere. The Museum’s roster of locomotives and rolling stock represent the first, last, best or only of their kind in existence today. Explore some of these historic pieces on view at the museum below.

B&O No. 5300

President Washington

Steam Locomotive
B&O No. 25

William Mason

Steam Locomotive

B&O No. 51

Diesel Locomotive

CNJ No. 1000

Diesel Locomotive
B&O No. 57


Steam Locomotive

Tom Thumb

Steam Locomotive

Digital Collection

The Line Doesn't Stop Here.

Explore Full Collection

Explore Other Areas of the Collection

Only at the B&O

Did You Know?

Andrew Jackson, in 1833, rode on the B&O Railroad, becoming the first US president to ride a train.

Patrese T.
June 2021

I love that the museum is what remains of the old train yard and the number and variety of train cars is remarkable.

Close Search